Genesis Chapters 1-11


English: Adam and Eve are being sent out of th...

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English: Adam & Eve in garden of Eden Русский:...

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English: Genesis : God the Father forbids Eve ...

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The Tree of Knowledge, painting by Lucas Crana...
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Genesis 1

1In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.

2And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.

3And God said, Let there be light: and there was light.

4And God saw the light, that it was good: and God divided the light from the darkness.

5And God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And the evening and the morning were the first day.

6And God said, Let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters.

7And God made the firmament, and divided the waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmament: and it was so.

8And God called the firmament Heaven. And the evening and the morning were the second day.

9And God said, Let the waters under the heaven be gathered together unto one place, and let the dry land appear: and it was so.

10And God called the dry land Earth; and the gathering together of the waters called he Seas: and God saw that it was good.

11And God said, Let the earth bring forth grass, the herb yielding seed, and the fruit tree yielding fruit after his kind, whose seed is in itself, upon the earth: and it was so.

12And the earth brought forth grass, and herb yielding seed after his kind, and the tree yielding fruit, whose seed was in itself, after his kind: and God saw that it was good.

13And the evening and the morning were the third day.

14And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years:

15And let them be for lights in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth: and it was so.

16And God made two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night: he made the stars also.

17And God set them in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth,

18And to rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness: and God saw that it was good.

19And the evening and the morning were the fourth day.

20And God said, Let the waters bring forth abundantly the moving creature that hath life, and fowl that may fly above the earth in the open firmament of heaven.

21And God created great whales, and every living creature that moveth, which the waters brought forth abundantly, after their kind, and every winged fowl after his kind: and God saw that it was good.

22And God blessed them, saying, Be fruitful, and multiply, and fill the waters in the seas, and let fowl multiply in the earth.

23And the evening and the morning were the fifth day.

24And God said, Let the earth bring forth the living creature after his kind, cattle, and creeping thing, and beast of the earth after his kind: and it was so.

25And God made the beast of the earth after his kind, and cattle after their kind, and every thing that creepeth upon the earth after his kind: and God saw that it was good.

26And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth.

27So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them.

28And God blessed them, and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it: and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth.

29And God said, Behold, I have given you every herb bearing seed, which is upon the face of all the earth, and every tree, in the which is the fruit of a tree yielding seed; to you it shall be for meat.

30And to every beast of the earth, and to every fowl of the air, and to every thing that creepeth upon the earth, wherein there is life, I have given every green herb for meat: and it was so.

31And God saw every thing that he had made, and, behold, it was very good. And the evening and the morning were the sixth day.

Genesis 2

1Thus the heavens and the earth were finished, and all the host of them.

2And on the seventh day God ended his work which he had made; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made.

3And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: because that in it he had rested from all his work which God created and made.

4These are the generations of the heavens and of the earth when they were created, in the day that the LORD God made the earth and the heavens,

5And every plant of the field before it was in the earth, and every herb of the field before it grew: for the LORD God had not caused it to rain upon the earth, and there was not a man to till the ground.

6But there went up a mist from the earth, and watered the whole face of the ground.

7And the LORD God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul.

8And the LORD God planted a garden eastward in Eden; and there he put the man whom he had formed.

9And out of the ground made the LORD God to grow every tree that is pleasant to the sight, and good for food; the tree of life also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of knowledge of good and evil.

10And a river went out of Eden to water the garden; and from thence it was parted, and became into four heads.

11The name of the first is Pison: that is it which compasseth the whole land of Havilah, where there is gold;

12And the gold of that land is good: there is bdellium and the onyx stone.

13And the name of the second river is Gihon: the same is it that compasseth the whole land of Ethiopia.

14And the name of the third river is Hiddekel: that is it which goeth toward the east of Assyria. And the fourth river is Euphrates.

15And the LORD God took the man, and put him into the garden of Eden to dress it and to keep it.

16And the LORD God commanded the man, saying, Of every tree of the garden thou mayest freely eat:

17But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die.

18And the LORD God said, It is not good that the man should be alone; I will make him an help meet for him.

19And out of the ground the LORD God formed every beast of the field, and every fowl of the air; and brought them unto Adam to see what he would call them: and whatsoever Adam called every living creature, that was the name thereof.

20And Adam gave names to all cattle, and to the fowl of the air, and to every beast of the field; but for Adam there was not found an help meet for him.

21And the LORD God caused a deep sleep to fall upon Adam, and he slept: and he took one of his ribs, and closed up the flesh instead thereof;

22And the rib, which the LORD God had taken from man, made he a woman, and brought her unto the man.

23And Adam said, This is now bone of my bones, and flesh of my flesh: she shall be called Woman, because she was taken out of Man.

24Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife: and they shall be one flesh.

25And they were both naked, the man and his wife, and were not ashamed.

Genesis 3

1Now the serpent was more subtil than any beast of the field which the LORD God had made. And he said unto the woman, Yea, hath God said, Ye shall not eat of every tree of the garden?

2And the woman said unto the serpent, We may eat of the fruit of the trees of the garden:

3But of the fruit of the tree which is in the midst of the garden, God hath said, Ye shall not eat of it, neither shall ye touch it, lest ye die.

4And the serpent said unto the woman, Ye shall not surely die:

5For God doth know that in the day ye eat thereof, then your eyes shall be opened, and ye shall be as gods, knowing good and evil.

6And when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make one wise, she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat, and gave also unto her husband with her; and he did eat.

7And the eyes of them both were opened, and they knew that they were naked; and they sewed fig leaves together, and made themselves aprons.

8And they heard the voice of the LORD God walking in the garden in the cool of the day: and Adam and his wife hid themselves from the presence of the LORD God amongst the trees of the garden.

9And the LORD God called unto Adam, and said unto him, Where art thou?

10And he said, I heard thy voice in the garden, and I was afraid, because I was naked; and I hid myself.

11And he said, Who told thee that thou wast naked? Hast thou eaten of the tree, whereof I commanded thee that thou shouldest not eat?

12And the man said, The woman whom thou gavest to be with me, she gave me of the tree, and I did eat.

13And the LORD God said unto the woman, What is this that thou hast done? And the woman said, The serpent beguiled me, and I did eat.

14And the LORD God said unto the serpent, Because thou hast done this, thou art cursed above all cattle, and above every beast of the field; upon thy belly shalt thou go, and dust shalt thou eat all the days of thy life:

15And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel.

16Unto the woman he said, I will greatly multiply thy sorrow and thy conception; in sorrow thou shalt bring forth children; and thy desire shall be to thy husband, and he shall rule over thee.

17And unto Adam he said, Because thou hast hearkened unto the voice of thy wife, and hast eaten of the tree, of which I commanded thee, saying, Thou shalt not eat of it: cursed is the ground for thy sake; in sorrow shalt thou eat of it all the days of thy life;

18Thorns also and thistles shall it bring forth to thee; and thou shalt eat the herb of the field;

19In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread, till thou return unto the ground; for out of it wast thou taken: for dust thou art, and unto dust shalt thou return.

20And Adam called his wife’s name Eve; because she was the mother of all living.

21Unto Adam also and to his wife did the LORD God make coats of skins, and clothed them.

22And the LORD God said, Behold, the man is become as one of us, to know good and evil: and now, lest he put forth his hand, and take also of the tree of life, and eat, and live for ever:

23Therefore the LORD God sent him forth from the garden of Eden, to till the ground from whence he was taken.

24So he drove out the man; and he placed at the east of the garden of Eden Cherubims, and a flaming sword which turned every way, to keep the way of the tree of life.

Genesis 4

1And Adam knew Eve his wife; and she conceived, and bare Cain, and said, I have gotten a man from the LORD.

2And she again bare his brother Abel. And Abel was a keeper of sheep, but Cain was a tiller of the ground.

3And in process of time it came to pass, that Cain brought of the fruit of the ground an offering unto the LORD.

4And Abel, he also brought of the firstlings of his flock and of the fat thereof. And the LORD had respect unto Abel and to his offering:

5But unto Cain and to his offering he had not respect. And Cain was very wroth, and his countenance fell.

6And the LORD said unto Cain, Why art thou wroth? and why is thy countenance fallen?

7If thou doest well, shalt thou not be accepted? and if thou doest not well, sin lieth at the door. And unto thee shall be his desire, and thou shalt rule over him.

8And Cain talked with Abel his brother: and it came to pass, when they were in the field, that Cain rose up against Abel his brother, and slew him.

9And the LORD said unto Cain, Where is Abel thy brother? And he said, I know not: Am I my brother’s keeper?

10And he said, What hast thou done? the voice of thy brother’s blood crieth unto me from the ground.

11And now art thou cursed from the earth, which hath opened her mouth to receive thy brother’s blood from thy hand;

12When thou tillest the ground, it shall not henceforth yield unto thee her strength; a fugitive and a vagabond shalt thou be in the earth.

13And Cain said unto the LORD, My punishment is greater than I can bear.

14Behold, thou hast driven me out this day from the face of the earth; and from thy face shall I be hid; and I shall be a fugitive and a vagabond in the earth; and it shall come to pass, that every one that findeth me shall slay me.

15And the LORD said unto him, Therefore whosoever slayeth Cain, vengeance shall be taken on him sevenfold. And the LORD set a mark upon Cain, lest any finding him should kill him.

16And Cain went out from the presence of the LORD, and dwelt in the land of Nod, on the east of Eden.

17And Cain knew his wife; and she conceived, and bare Enoch: and he builded a city, and called the name of the city, after the name of his son, Enoch.

18And unto Enoch was born Irad: and Irad begat Mehujael: and Mehujael begat Methusael: and Methusael begat Lamech.

19And Lamech took unto him two wives: the name of the one was Adah, and the name of the other Zillah.

20And Adah bare Jabal: he was the father of such as dwell in tents, and of such as have cattle.

21And his brother’s name was Jubal: he was the father of all such as handle the harp and organ.

22And Zillah, she also bare Tubalcain, an instructer of every artificer in brass and iron: and the sister of Tubalcain was Naamah.

23And Lamech said unto his wives, Adah and Zillah, Hear my voice; ye wives of Lamech, hearken unto my speech: for I have slain a man to my wounding, and a young man to my hurt.

24If Cain shall be avenged sevenfold, truly Lamech seventy and sevenfold.

25And Adam knew his wife again; and she bare a son, and called his name Seth: For God, said she, hath appointed me another seed instead of Abel, whom Cain slew.

26And to Seth, to him also there was born a son; and he called his name Enos: then began men to call upon the name of the LORD.

Genesis 5

1This is the book of the generations of Adam. In the day that God created man, in the likeness of God made he him;

2Male and female created he them; and blessed them, and called their name Adam, in the day when they were created.

3And Adam lived an hundred and thirty years, and begat a son in his own likeness, and after his image; and called his name Seth:

4And the days of Adam after he had begotten Seth were eight hundred years: and he begat sons and daughters:

5And all the days that Adam lived were nine hundred and thirty years: and he died.

6And Seth lived an hundred and five years, and begat Enos:

7And Seth lived after he begat Enos eight hundred and seven years, and begat sons and daughters:

8And all the days of Seth were nine hundred and twelve years: and he died.

9And Enos lived ninety years, and begat Cainan:

10And Enos lived after he begat Cainan eight hundred and fifteen years, and begat sons and daughters:

11And all the days of Enos were nine hundred and five years: and he died.

12And Cainan lived seventy years and begat Mahalaleel:

13And Cainan lived after he begat Mahalaleel eight hundred and forty years, and begat sons and daughters:

14And all the days of Cainan were nine hundred and ten years: and he died.

15And Mahalaleel lived sixty and five years, and begat Jared:

16And Mahalaleel lived after he begat Jared eight hundred and thirty years, and begat sons and daughters:

17And all the days of Mahalaleel were eight hundred ninety and five years: and he died.

18And Jared lived an hundred sixty and two years, and he begat Enoch:

19And Jared lived after he begat Enoch eight hundred years, and begat sons and daughters:

20And all the days of Jared were nine hundred sixty and two years: and he died.

21And Enoch lived sixty and five years, and begat Methuselah:

22And Enoch walked with God after he begat Methuselah three hundred years, and begat sons and daughters:

23And all the days of Enoch were three hundred sixty and five years:

24And Enoch walked with God: and he was not; for God took him.

25And Methuselah lived an hundred eighty and seven years, and begat Lamech.

26And Methuselah lived after he begat Lamech seven hundred eighty and two years, and begat sons and daughters:

27And all the days of Methuselah were nine hundred sixty and nine years: and he died.

28And Lamech lived an hundred eighty and two years, and begat a son:

29And he called his name Noah, saying, This same shall comfort us concerning our work and toil of our hands, because of the ground which the LORD hath cursed.

30And Lamech lived after he begat Noah five hundred ninety and five years, and begat sons and daughters:

31And all the days of Lamech were seven hundred seventy and seven years: and he died.

32And Noah was five hundred years old: and Noah begat Shem, Ham, and Japheth.

Genesis 6

1And it came to pass, when men began to multiply on the face of the earth, and daughters were born unto them,

2That the sons of God saw the daughters of men that they were fair; and they took them wives of all which they chose.

3And the LORD said, My spirit shall not always strive with man, for that he also is flesh: yet his days shall be an hundred and twenty years.

4There were giants in the earth in those days; and also after that, when the sons of God came in unto the daughters of men, and they bare children to them, the same became mighty men which were of old, men of renown.

5And God saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually.

6And it repented the LORD that he had made man on the earth, and it grieved him at his heart.

7And the LORD said, I will destroy man whom I have created from the face of the earth; both man, and beast, and the creeping thing, and the fowls of the air; for it repenteth me that I have made them.

8But Noah found grace in the eyes of the LORD.

9These are the generations of Noah: Noah was a just man and perfect in his generations, and Noah walked with God.

10And Noah begat three sons, Shem, Ham, and Japheth.

11The earth also was corrupt before God, and the earth was filled with violence.

12And God looked upon the earth, and, behold, it was corrupt; for all flesh had corrupted his way upon the earth.

13And God said unto Noah, The end of all flesh is come before me; for the earth is filled with violence through them; and, behold, I will destroy them with the earth.

14Make thee an ark of gopher wood; rooms shalt thou make in the ark, and shalt pitch it within and without with pitch.

15And this is the fashion which thou shalt make it of: The length of the ark shall be three hundred cubits, the breadth of it fifty cubits, and the height of it thirty cubits.

16A window shalt thou make to the ark, and in a cubit shalt thou finish it above; and the door of the ark shalt thou set in the side thereof; with lower, second, and third stories shalt thou make it.

17And, behold, I, even I, do bring a flood of waters upon the earth, to destroy all flesh, wherein is the breath of life, from under heaven; and every thing that is in the earth shall die.

18But with thee will I establish my covenant; and thou shalt come into the ark, thou, and thy sons, and thy wife, and thy sons’ wives with thee.

19And of every living thing of all flesh, two of every sort shalt thou bring into the ark, to keep them alive with thee; they shall be male and female.

20Of fowls after their kind, and of cattle after their kind, of every creeping thing of the earth after his kind, two of every sort shall come unto thee, to keep them alive.

21And take thou unto thee of all food that is eaten, and thou shalt gather it to thee; and it shall be for food for thee, and for them.

22Thus did Noah; according to all that God commanded him, so did he.

Genesis 7

1And the LORD said unto Noah, Come thou and all thy house into the ark; for thee have I seen righteous before me in this generation.

2Of every clean beast thou shalt take to thee by sevens, the male and his female: and of beasts that are not clean by two, the male and his female.

3Of fowls also of the air by sevens, the male and the female; to keep seed alive upon the face of all the earth.

4For yet seven days, and I will cause it to rain upon the earth forty days and forty nights; and every living substance that I have made will I destroy from off the face of the earth.

5And Noah did according unto all that the LORD commanded him.

6And Noah was six hundred years old when the flood of waters was upon the earth.

7And Noah went in, and his sons, and his wife, and his sons’ wives with him, into the ark, because of the waters of the flood.

8Of clean beasts, and of beasts that are not clean, and of fowls, and of every thing that creepeth upon the earth,

9There went in two and two unto Noah into the ark, the male and the female, as God had commanded Noah.

10And it came to pass after seven days, that the waters of the flood were upon the earth.

11In the six hundredth year of Noah’s life, in the second month, the seventeenth day of the month, the same day were all the fountains of the great deep broken up, and the windows of heaven were opened.

12And the rain was upon the earth forty days and forty nights.

13In the selfsame day entered Noah, and Shem, and Ham, and Japheth, the sons of Noah, and Noah’s wife, and the three wives of his sons with them, into the ark;

14They, and every beast after his kind, and all the cattle after their kind, and every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth after his kind, and every fowl after his kind, every bird of every sort.

15And they went in unto Noah into the ark, two and two of all flesh, wherein is the breath of life.

16And they that went in, went in male and female of all flesh, as God had commanded him: and the LORD shut him in.

17And the flood was forty days upon the earth; and the waters increased, and bare up the ark, and it was lift up above the earth.

18And the waters prevailed, and were increased greatly upon the earth; and the ark went upon the face of the waters.

19And the waters prevailed exceedingly upon the earth; and all the high hills, that were under the whole heaven, were covered.

20Fifteen cubits upward did the waters prevail; and the mountains were covered.

21And all flesh died that moved upon the earth, both of fowl, and of cattle, and of beast, and of every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth, and every man:

22All in whose nostrils was the breath of life, of all that was in the dry land, died.

23And every living substance was destroyed which was upon the face of the ground, both man, and cattle, and the creeping things, and the fowl of the heaven; and they were destroyed from the earth: and Noah only remained alive, and they that were with him in the ark.

24And the waters prevailed upon the earth an hundred and fifty days.

Genesis 8

1And God remembered Noah, and every living thing, and all the cattle that was with him in the ark: and God made a wind to pass over the earth, and the waters assuaged;

2The fountains also of the deep and the windows of heaven were stopped, and the rain from heaven was restrained;

3And the waters returned from off the earth continually: and after the end of the hundred and fifty days the waters were abated.

4And the ark rested in the seventh month, on the seventeenth day of the month, upon the mountains of Ararat.

5And the waters decreased continually until the tenth month: in the tenth month, on the first day of the month, were the tops of the mountains seen.

6And it came to pass at the end of forty days, that Noah opened the window of the ark which he had made:

7And he sent forth a raven, which went forth to and fro, until the waters were dried up from off the earth.

8Also he sent forth a dove from him, to see if the waters were abated from off the face of the ground;

9But the dove found no rest for the sole of her foot, and she returned unto him into the ark, for the waters were on the face of the whole earth: then he put forth his hand, and took her, and pulled her in unto him into the ark.

10And he stayed yet other seven days; and again he sent forth the dove out of the ark;

11And the dove came in to him in the evening; and, lo, in her mouth was an olive leaf pluckt off: so Noah knew that the waters were abated from off the earth.

12And he stayed yet other seven days; and sent forth the dove; which returned not again unto him any more.

13And it came to pass in the six hundredth and first year, in the first month, the first day of the month, the waters were dried up from off the earth: and Noah removed the covering of the ark, and looked, and, behold, the face of the ground was dry.

14And in the second month, on the seven and twentieth day of the month, was the earth dried.

15And God spake unto Noah, saying,

16Go forth of the ark, thou, and thy wife, and thy sons, and thy sons’ wives with thee.

17Bring forth with thee every living thing that is with thee, of all flesh, both of fowl, and of cattle, and of every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth; that they may breed abundantly in the earth, and be fruitful, and multiply upon the earth.

18And Noah went forth, and his sons, and his wife, and his sons’ wives with him:

19Every beast, every creeping thing, and every fowl, and whatsoever creepeth upon the earth, after their kinds, went forth out of the ark.

20And Noah builded an altar unto the LORD; and took of every clean beast, and of every clean fowl, and offered burnt offerings on the altar.

21And the LORD smelled a sweet savour; and the LORD said in his heart, I will not again curse the ground any more for man’s sake; for the imagination of man’s heart is evil from his youth; neither will I again smite any more every thing living, as I have done.

22While the earth remaineth, seedtime and harvest, and cold and heat, and summer and winter, and day and night shall not cease.

Genesis 9

1And God blessed Noah and his sons, and said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth.

2And the fear of you and the dread of you shall be upon every beast of the earth, and upon every fowl of the air, upon all that moveth upon the earth, and upon all the fishes of the sea; into your hand are they delivered.

3Every moving thing that liveth shall be meat for you; even as the green herb have I given you all things.

4But flesh with the life thereof, which is the blood thereof, shall ye not eat.

5And surely your blood of your lives will I require; at the hand of every beast will I require it, and at the hand of man; at the hand of every man’s brother will I require the life of man.

6Whoso sheddeth man’s blood, by man shall his blood be shed: for in the image of God made he man.

7And you, be ye fruitful, and multiply; bring forth abundantly in the earth, and multiply therein.

8And God spake unto Noah, and to his sons with him, saying,

9And I, behold, I establish my covenant with you, and with your seed after you;

10And with every living creature that is with you, of the fowl, of the cattle, and of every beast of the earth with you; from all that go out of the ark, to every beast of the earth.

11And I will establish my covenant with you, neither shall all flesh be cut off any more by the waters of a flood; neither shall there any more be a flood to destroy the earth.

12And God said, This is the token of the covenant which I make between me and you and every living creature that is with you, for perpetual generations:

13I do set my bow in the cloud, and it shall be for a token of a covenant between me and the earth.

14And it shall come to pass, when I bring a cloud over the earth, that the bow shall be seen in the cloud:

15And I will remember my covenant, which is between me and you and every living creature of all flesh; and the waters shall no more become a flood to destroy all flesh.

16And the bow shall be in the cloud; and I will look upon it, that I may remember the everlasting covenant between God and every living creature of all flesh that is upon the earth.

17And God said unto Noah, This is the token of the covenant, which I have established between me and all flesh that is upon the earth.

18And the sons of Noah, that went forth of the ark, were Shem, and Ham, and Japheth: and Ham is the father of Canaan.

19These are the three sons of Noah: and of them was the whole earth overspread.

20And Noah began to be an husbandman, and he planted a vineyard:

21And he drank of the wine, and was drunken; and he was uncovered within his tent.

22And Ham, the father of Canaan, saw the nakedness of his father, and told his two brethren without.

23And Shem and Japheth took a garment, and laid it upon both their shoulders, and went backward, and covered the nakedness of their father; and their faces were backward, and they saw not their father’s nakedness.

24And Noah awoke from his wine, and knew what his younger son had done unto him.

25And he said, Cursed be Canaan; a servant of servants shall he be unto his brethren.

26And he said, Blessed be the LORD God of Shem; and Canaan shall be his servant.

27God shall enlarge Japheth, and he shall dwell in the tents of Shem; and Canaan shall be his servant.

28And Noah lived after the flood three hundred and fifty years.

29And all the days of Noah were nine hundred and fifty years: and he died.

Genesis 10

1Now these are the generations of the sons of Noah, Shem, Ham, and Japheth: and unto them were sons born after the flood.

2The sons of Japheth; Gomer, and Magog, and Madai, and Javan, and Tubal, and Meshech, and Tiras.

3And the sons of Gomer; Ashkenaz, and Riphath, and Togarmah.

4And the sons of Javan; Elishah, and Tarshish, Kittim, and Dodanim.

5By these were the isles of the Gentiles divided in their lands; every one after his tongue, after their families, in their nations.

6And the sons of Ham; Cush, and Mizraim, and Phut, and Canaan.

7And the sons of Cush; Seba, and Havilah, and Sabtah, and Raamah, and Sabtechah: and the sons of Raamah; Sheba, and Dedan.

8And Cush begat Nimrod: he began to be a mighty one in the earth.

9He was a mighty hunter before the LORD: wherefore it is said, Even as Nimrod the mighty hunter before the LORD.

10And the beginning of his kingdom was Babel, and Erech, and Accad, and Calneh, in the land of Shinar.

11Out of that land went forth Asshur, and builded Nineveh, and the city Rehoboth, and Calah,

12And Resen between Nineveh and Calah: the same is a great city.

13And Mizraim begat Ludim, and Anamim, and Lehabim, and Naphtuhim,

14And Pathrusim, and Casluhim, (out of whom came Philistim,) and Caphtorim.

15And Canaan begat Sidon his first born, and Heth,

16And the Jebusite, and the Amorite, and the Girgasite,

17And the Hivite, and the Arkite, and the Sinite,

18And the Arvadite, and the Zemarite, and the Hamathite: and afterward were the families of the Canaanites spread abroad.

19And the border of the Canaanites was from Sidon, as thou comest to Gerar, unto Gaza; as thou goest, unto Sodom, and Gomorrah, and Admah, and Zeboim, even unto Lasha.

20These are the sons of Ham, after their families, after their tongues, in their countries, and in their nations.

21Unto Shem also, the father of all the children of Eber, the brother of Japheth the elder, even to him were children born.

22The children of Shem; Elam, and Asshur, and Arphaxad, and Lud, and Aram.

23And the children of Aram; Uz, and Hul, and Gether, and Mash.

24And Arphaxad begat Salah; and Salah begat Eber.

25And unto Eber were born two sons: the name of one was Peleg; for in his days was the earth divided; and his brother’s name was Joktan.

26And Joktan begat Almodad, and Sheleph, and Hazarmaveth, and Jerah,

27And Hadoram, and Uzal, and Diklah,

28And Obal, and Abimael, and Sheba,

29And Ophir, and Havilah, and Jobab: all these were the sons of Joktan.

30And their dwelling was from Mesha, as thou goest unto Sephar a mount of the east.

31These are the sons of Shem, after their families, after their tongues, in their lands, after their nations.

32These are the families of the sons of Noah, after their generations, in their nations: and by these were the nations divided in the earth after the flood.

Genesis 11

1And the whole earth was of one language, and of one speech.

2And it came to pass, as they journeyed from the east, that they found a plain in the land of Shinar; and they dwelt there.

3And they said one to another, Go to, let us make brick, and burn them thoroughly. And they had brick for stone, and slime had they for morter.

4And they said, Go to, let us build us a city and a tower, whose top may reach unto heaven; and let us make us a name, lest we be scattered abroad upon the face of the whole earth.

5And the LORD came down to see the city and the tower, which the children of men builded.

6And the LORD said, Behold, the people is one, and they have all one language; and this they begin to do: and now nothing will be restrained from them, which they have imagined to do.

7Go to, let us go down, and there confound their language, that they may not understand one another’s speech.

8So the LORD scattered them abroad from thence upon the face of all the earth: and they left off to build the city.

9Therefore is the name of it called Babel; because the LORD did there confound the language of all the earth: and from thence did the LORD scatter them abroad upon the face of all the earth.

10These are the generations of Shem: Shem was an hundred years old, and begat Arphaxad two years after the flood:

11And Shem lived after he begat Arphaxad five hundred years, and begat sons and daughters.

12And Arphaxad lived five and thirty years, and begat Salah:

13And Arphaxad lived after he begat Salah four hundred and three years, and begat sons and daughters.

14And Salah lived thirty years, and begat Eber:

15And Salah lived after he begat Eber four hundred and three years, and begat sons and daughters.

16And Eber lived four and thirty years, and begat Peleg:

17And Eber lived after he begat Peleg four hundred and thirty years, and begat sons and daughters.

18And Peleg lived thirty years, and begat Reu:

19And Peleg lived after he begat Reu two hundred and nine years, and begat sons and daughters.

20And Reu lived two and thirty years, and begat Serug:

21And Reu lived after he begat Serug two hundred and seven years, and begat sons and daughters.

22And Serug lived thirty years, and begat Nahor:

23And Serug lived after he begat Nahor two hundred years, and begat sons and daughters.

24And Nahor lived nine and twenty years, and begat Terah:

25And Nahor lived after he begat Terah an hundred and nineteen years, and begat sons and daughters.

26And Terah lived seventy years, and begat Abram, Nahor, and Haran.

27Now these are the generations of Terah: Terah begat Abram, Nahor, and Haran; and Haran begat Lot.

28And Haran died before his father Terah in the land of his nativity, in Ur of the Chaldees.

29And Abram and Nahor took them wives: the name of Abram’s wife was Sarai; and the name of Nahor’s wife, Milcah, the daughter of Haran, the father of Milcah, and the father of Iscah.

30But Sarai was barren; she had no child.

31And Terah took Abram his son, and Lot the son of Haran his son’s son, and Sarai his daughter in law, his son Abram’s wife; and they went forth with them from Ur of the Chaldees, to go into the land of Canaan; and they came unto Haran, and dwelt there.

32And the days of Terah were two hundred and five years: and Terah died in Haran.

Spiritual Meaning of Parables of the Bible

Parables of Jesus
Parables of Genesis 1-11
Parables of Genesis 12-50

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Parables of Genesis 1-11:

Genesis

Parable

1:1-5 First Day of Creation
1:6-8 Second Day of Creation
1:9-13 Third Day of Creation
1:14-19 Fourth Day of Creation
1:20-23 Fifth Day of Creation
1:24-31 Sixth Day of Creation
2:1-4 Sabbath Day of Creation
2:5-7 Creation of Adam
2:8-9 Garden Eastward in Eden
2:10-17 River of Eden
2:18-25 Creation of Eve
3:1-13 Serpent of Eden
3:14-21 Curse upon the Serpent
3:22-24 Expulsion from Eden
4:1-6 Offerings of Cain and Abel
4:7-15 Death of Abel
4:16-17 Cain in Nod; Enoch
4:18-26 Birth of Seth
4:18-26 Giants
6:1-7:5 Building of the Ark
7:6-24 The Flood
8:1-5 Ark on the Mountain
8:6-12 Raven and the Dove
8:13-9:17 Bow in the Cloud
9:18-23 Noah’s Vineyard
9:24-29 Sin of Ham
10:1-7 Generations of Shem, Ham and Japeth
10:8-32 Nimrod
11:1-32 Tower of Babel

Author: Thomas King, 1922

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Genesis

The word “genesis” signifies “generation” or “origin” and comes from the Greek translation of Genesis 2:4. It is an appropriate title for the first book of the Bible, which contains the record of the origin of the universe, the human race, family life, nations, sin, redemption, etc. The first 11 chapters, which deal with primeval or pre-Patriarchal times, present the antecedents of Hebrew history from Adam to Abraham. The remaining chapters (12-50) are concerned with God’s dealings with the Patriarchs Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, and Jacob’s son Joseph, all “fathers” of the people whom God has chosen to carry out His plan for the redemption of mankind. The book closes with these “Chosen People” in Egypt.

Psalm 27:1-14


jehovah-Exodus
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Psalm 27

1The LORD is my light and my salvation; whom shall I fear? the LORD is the strength of my life; of whom shall I be afraid?

2When the wicked, even mine enemies and my foes, came upon me to eat up my flesh, they stumbled and fell.

3Though an host should encamp against me, my heart shall not fear: though war should rise against me, in this will I be confident.

4One thing have I desired of the LORD, that will I seek after; that I may dwell in the house of the LORD all the days of my life, to behold the beauty of the LORD, and to enquire in his temple.

5For in the time of trouble he shall hide me in his pavilion: in the secret of his tabernacle shall he hide me; he shall set me up upon a rock.

6And now shall mine head be lifted up above mine enemies round about me: therefore will I offer in his tabernacle sacrifices of joy; I will sing, yea, I will sing praises unto the LORD.

7Hear, O LORD, when I cry with my voice: have mercy also upon me, and answer me.

8When thou saidst, Seek ye my face; my heart said unto thee, Thy face, LORD, will I seek.

9Hide not thy face far from me; put not thy servant away in anger: thou hast been my help; leave me not, neither forsake me, O God of my salvation.

10When my father and my mother forsake me, then the LORD will take me up.

11Teach me thy way, O LORD, and lead me in a plain path, because of mine enemies.

12Deliver me not over unto the will of mine enemies: for false witnesses are risen up against me, and such as breathe out cruelty.

13I had fainted, unless I had believed to see the goodness of the LORD in the land of the living.

14Wait on the LORD: be of good courage, and he shall strengthen thine heart: wait, I say, on the LORD.

PSALMS 27      Other translations  –  previous  –  next  –  meaning  –  Psalms  –  BM Home  –  Full Page

PSALM 27

A Psalm of David.

  1. jehovah is my light and my salvation, whom shall I fear? jehovah is the strength of my life, of whom shall I be afraid?
  2. When the wicked, even mine enemies and my foes, came upon me to eat up my flesh, they stumbled and fell.
  3. If a host encamp against me, my heart shall not fear; when war shall rise against me, in this will I be confident.
  4. One thing have I asked of jehovah, that will I earnestly seek; that I may dwell in the house of jehovah all the days of my life, to behold the beauty of jehovah, and to inquire in his temple.
  5. For he will hide me in his tabernacle in the day of evil; he will conceal me in the secret place of his tent; he will set me high upon a rock.
  6. And now shall my head be lifted up above mine enemies round about me; and I will offer in his tabernacle sacrifices of shouting; I will sing hymns to jehovah.
  7. Hear my voice, O jehovah; I will cry, be merciful to me, and answer me.
  8. Unto you, my heart, Jehovah has said, Seek my face; your face, O jehovah, will I seek.
  9. Hide not your face from me; put not away your servant in anger; you have been my help; leave me not, neither forsake me, O god of my salvation.
  10. For my father and my mother have forsaken me, but jehovah will gather me.
  11. Teach me your way, O jehovah, and lead me in the path of rectitude because of mine enemies.
  12. Deliver me not over to the lust of mine enemies; for false witnesses are risen up against me, and such as breathe violence;
  13. Nevertheless, I firmly believe I shall see the goodness of jehovah in the land of the living.
  14. Hope in jehovah, be of good courage, and he shall strengthen your heart; yea, hope you in jehovah.

The Internal Sense

The lord’s discourse with the father, that he is not afraid of the hells which fight against him, verses 1 to 3; of his union with the father, verses 4 to 10, 13, 14; that thereby he will subdue the hells, verses 11, 12.

Exposition

Verse 3. If a host encamp against me. Army signifies truths and goods; see AC 3348; and truths and goods are arranged by the lord according to heavenly order; hence, arrangement according to order is the encamping of an army, and the heavenly order itself, which is heaven, is the camp; this camp, or this order, is such that it cannot possibly be broken into by hell, although hell is in a continual endeavour to break into it; hence also that order or heaven is called a camp, and the truths and goods, that is, the angels, who are arranged according to that order, are called armies. Inasmuch as several expressions in the Word have an opposite sense, so also has camp, and, according to such sense, signifies evils and falses, consequently hell, as in David, “If a host encamp against me, my heart shall not fear, Psalm 27:3. AC 4236.

Verses 4, 5. One thing have I asked of jehovah, that will I earnestly seek, that I may dwell in the house of jehovah all the days of my life, to behold the beauty of jehovah, and to enquire in his temple; for he will, hide me in his tabernacle in the day of evil; he will conceal me in the secret place of his tent; he will set me high upon a rock. Mention is here made of the house of jehovah, of his temple, tent, and tabernacle, and by the house, of jehovah is signified the church which is in the good of love to the lord, by the temple the church which is in truths grounded in that good; by the tent of jehovah is signified Divine Truth, and by the tabernacle Divine Good; hence it is evident that by dwelling in the house of jehovah all the days of my life is not meant to dwell in the house of jehovah, but in the good of love to the lord, and that by visiting in the morning the temple of jehovah is not meant to visit it every morning, but to enquire after and seek the truths of that good; hence by hiding in the tent is signified to keep in Divine Truth, and to be protected from falses, and by being concealed in the secret place of the tabernacle is signified to keep in Divine good, and to be protected from evils; by being set up high on a rock is signified to instruct in the interior truths. AE 799.

In the supreme sense the lord, as to his Human Essence, is the tent, the tabernacle, and the temple. AC 414.

Verse 6. I will offer in his tabernacle the sacrifices of shouting. In the Word mention is made of various instruments, and each of them has its distinct signification, of which, by the Divine mercy of the lord, we shall speak in their proper places. At the present we shall confine ourselves to what is said in David, “I will sacrifice in the tabernacle of jehovah the sacrifices of shouting,” where by the tabernacle is meant the celestial principle, and by shouting, singing, and chanting is expressed the spiritual principle thence derived. AC 420.

Verse 9. Hide not your face from me; put not away your servant in anger. From the above explications it may be known what the face of jehovah, or the lord, signifies namely: the Divine love, and every good in heaven and the church thence derived; hence also may be known what is signified by hiding or concealing the face, where jehovah or the lord is treated of, namely: that it is to leave man in his own proprium, and thence in evils and falses which gush out from the proprium. For man, viewed in himself, is nothing but evil and the falses thence derived, and is withheld from them by the lord that he may be in good, which is effected by an elevation from the proprium. Hence it may be manifest that by hiding and concealing the face, when it relates to the lord, is signified to leave man in evils and falses, as in the following passages, “On account of all their wickedness I have concealed my faces from this city,” Jeremiah 33:5: and in Isaiah, “Your sins have hid the faces of god from you, that he did not hear,” Is 59:2; and in David, “Hide not your faces from me, put not away your servant in anger,” Psalm xxvii. AE 412.

Verse 10. For my father and mother have forsaken me, and jehovah will gather me. Father and mother here denote good and truth, which are said to have forsaken, when man observes that of himself he is not able to do any thing good, or to know any thing true; that it is not to be understood as if David was forsaken by his father and mother is manifest. AC 3703.

Verse 13. I nevertheless firmly believe I shall see the goodness of jehovah in the land of the living. Inasmuch as death signifies damnation and hell, hence life on the other hand signifies salvation and heaven, as in Matthew, “Strait is the gate and narrow is the way that leads to life,” Matt 7:14: again, “If you will enter into life, keep the commandments,” Matt 19:17. Hence it is that salvation is called eternal life, as in Matthew 19:24; Mark 10:24; 30; Luke 10:25; and that heaven is called the land of the living, as in David, “jehovah, you are my confidence, my portion in the land of the living,” Psalm 142:5; again, “That you may see the goodness of jehovah in the land of the living.” AE 186.

The Translator’s Notes and Observations

Verse 1. jehovah is my light and my salvation, whom shall I fear? jehovah is the strength of my life, of whom shall I be afraid? In the original Hebrew two distinct terms are used to express what is here rendered I fear and shall be afraid, and hence we may safely conclude that two distinct ideas were intended to be suggested. It is not easy to say what these two distinct ideas are, but it appears most probable, from the proper sense of the two Hebrew terms which are here rendered I fear and am afraid, that the former term has more respect to fear, as an internal principle manifesting itself in the human heart, and the latter term has relation to the external effect of that fear in causing symptoms of outward trembling and agitation.

Verse 2. When the wicked, even mine enemies and my foes, came upon me to eat my flesh, they stumbled and fell. The wicked are here called enemies and foes, probably for the purpose of expressing their two fold opposition to the divine good and the divine truth, and thus their two fold purpose of destroying in man both the love of good, and the understanding of truth, which is to eat up his flesh.

Verse 6. I will offer in his tabernacle the sacrifices of shouting. In the received English version of the Psalms, what is here rendered shouting is expressed by the term joy, but in the original Hebrew the term is derived from a root expressive of the elevation of the voice in the way of shouting, and accordingly it follows, “I will sing a hymn to jehovah.”

Verse 11. Teach me your way, O jehovah, and lead me in the path of rectitude. For the distinct meaning of the two terms way and path, see the Translator’s notes and observations on Psalm xxv.

PSALMS 27    Other translations  –  previous  –  next  –  meaning  –  Psalms  –  BM Home  –  Full Page

Psalm 27July 11, 1999

The Light that Dispels Fear

How you can tell when it’s going to be a rotten day:

You see a “60 Minutes” news team waiting in your office.

You call Suicide Prevention and they put you on hold.

Your birthday cake collapses from the weight of the candles.

Your twin sister forgot your birthday.

Your car horn goes off accidentally and remains stuck as you follow a group of Hell’s Angels on the freeway.

Your boss tells you not to bother to take off your coat.

The bird singing outside your window is a buzzard.

Your income tax check bounces.

You put both contact lenses in the same eye.

Your wife says, “Good morning, Mike”, and your name is George.

There are times in our lives when our world comes crashing down on us; if anything can go wrong, it will. When life seems to be going in a downward spiral, you’re at the end of your rope and you can’t tie a knot to hold on – fear often takes hold of us. Fear traps us in the belief that nothing will ever improve, that we are ensnared and will never escape. When life gets us down, fear fills the void left by hope.  Fear is not the domain of the timid, but swells over all of us no matter how brave we may appear to be.  Julius Caesar once remarked that even the shouts of his enemies were music to his ears, but he was terribly afraid of thunder. When it vaguely looked like a storm was brewing, he began to shiver and shake. Peter the Great, considered by many to have been the greatest czar of Russia was terrified to cross a bridge. He would tremble in his boots whenever he stepped onto a bridge. King Louis the XV, of France, was so afraid of death the he ordered the subject off limits in his presence. Stalin was constantly in fear of being poisoned or killed. He had 8 bedrooms which could be locked up like safes in a bank. Nobody ever knew in which of these bedrooms he slept on any given night.

We fear losing our health, our wealth, our family; our friends. We fear losing the promotion or even the job. We fear growing old, but even more, we fear death. On his return visit to many parts of the world, Herbert Hoover was asked by a reporter what, in his judgment, was the prevailing mood of the peoples in the lands he had visited. “The dominant emotion everywhere in the world is fear. This applies to every part of human activity; finance, industry, farmers, workers, thinkers, and government officials.”

God has an answer to our problem of fear. The answer to our fears, the solution to our worries lies in the simple understanding of God’s presence.
Fear is disabled by God’s presence  – verses 1-6

God’s presence supersedes God’s enemies  – verses 1-3

King David, who penned these words in Psalm 27, knew the meaning of the word fear better than most. His life consisted of one vicious attack on his life after another. For years he was the number one fugitive in Israel, always hiding from the wrath of King Saul. Later on, his life was threatened by the revolt of his own son Absalom.

We may not find ourselves as outcasts, pursued by potential murderers, with our lives on the line. But our problems still plague us. Our hope evaporates as our resources diminish fast. We may feel that to be left at the mercy of circumstances, under their tyranny, is to be torn apart and left with nothing. David begins with a sense of certainty, of calm in the midst of a storm.  The starting point for David and us are not the circumstances, are not the problems, but the God who is in control of all those circumstances. David does not deny the situations he faces, but those situations do not define for David how he is to respond.  During World War II, a military governor met with General George Patton in Sicily. When he praised Patton for his courage and bravery, the general replied, “Sir, I am not a brave man. . . The truth is, I am an utter craven coward. I have never been within the sound of gunshot or in sight of battle in my whole life that I wasn’t so scared that I had sweat in the palms of my hands. I learned very early in my life never to take counsel of my fears.” Our circumstances must never be what defines our life. Rather than taking counsel of our fears, we must see our life in a much larger perspective. There is nothing so dark and gloomy as fear, nothing so unsettling than being afraid. But when we are intimidated by people, or discouraged by circumstances, God’s presence provides a defense against these frightening circumstances. It is not said merely that the Lord gives light, but that He “is” light; nor that He gives salvation, but that He is salvation. God does not just help us discover a refuge, a place where we are safe; it is He who is our safety. We do not ask Him to give us these things as though they are independent of God, but they describe who our God is.  God’s presence is the light which chases away the shadows of despair. It is in the darkness that our fears take on the horrible shapes of monsters. That is true whether we are four or forty. We live without all the facts, we live in the dark, so our fears become all the more fearsome.  The answer comes not in our manipulation of our circumstances so that peace reigns in our lives. Rather trusting in God’s presence, knowing that He is sovereign, in control, that it is He who is the light in every dark corner of our life – then we can cease being intimidated by the unknown, frightened by the terrors of life. The doom of depression must be expelled by the light of the Gospel. 

Because God is light, because He has guaranteed salvation, because He is a fortress against whatever evil comes our way – its success is never outside the providence of our God; it will never succeed. The reason is simple. God’s control is never undermined. We must know who is all powerful, who is the Creator, who is in charge.

 I recall as a Cub Scout going on a trip to the Aberdeen Proving Grounds in Maryland to see a demonstration of military power. While the thunderous explosions delighted the crowd of eight year old boys, the best part was when we got to climb on and in the tanks. But as we raced toward the machinery which had beaten back the Nazi onslaught a generation before, after seeing the power which fought in Korea and was building up in Southeast Asia – it was strange that we were told to be careful as we climbed on these steal beasts. We were cautioned not that we could be hurt, but that we might hurt the tanks.  In the same way, we can have confidence that no harm can come. When evil comes our way, it is never greater than our God. Verse 2 – they’ll stumble and fall, they’ll trip over the laces of their sandals. Even in the anticipation of troubles (verse 3) there can be courage. God’s presence supersedes God’s enemies because…

God’s presence is seen in God’s place  – verses 4-6

The reason for David’s certainty of God’s protection came not on a whim or based on a fleeting dream. But it came about because with singleness of mind, David’s full attention is focused on God’s presence which was seen in God’s dwelling place. David knows that only here can he find the comfort to endure troubling times. There is no other answer, no other solution. With clarity of purpose – the answer lies in God’s house.  David may be expressing a desire to lay aside the stature of the crown for the robes of the tabernacle priests, if that were possible. Or he could be expressing a longing to get away from the pressures of the battlefield and join the rest of Israel in the worship of God. Whatever was his desire, his goal was clear – he knew that it was only by focusing his attention on the beauty of the Lord, seeking Him in his temple that he could find the safety he needed.  What does that mean – that we’ve got to live each day of our life inside the church? In terms of safety statistics, that’s not a bad idea. 20% of all fatal accidents occur in automobiles; 17% of all fatal accidents occur at home; 16% of all fatal accidents occur in plains, trains, and boats; but only 0.001% of all fatal accidents occur in church, so obviously the safest place to be is in church, as much as possible! The reason is much more sensible than that. Seeing God in the sunshine of worship, you can have confidence in the shadows of life. Fear fades when we see a sovereign God who gives us mercy. Worship and worry can not live in the same heart; they are mutually exclusive. When we fill our minds with who our God is, when we are reminded what He has done for His people, worry begins to fade away.  The focus of the worship in the Old Testament was not the personal needs of the congregation, it was not to offer tidbits of self-help, it was not witty sayings to make one smile. The focus of the worship was God and His work for His people. For that very reason we don’t show up here to see and be seen, we do not come be entertained and made to feel more secure in our sin. Rather the object of our worship is the Triune God. 

The trouble is we are so often busy with so much, that the Sabbath has lost its meaning. There are ball games and family gatherings, there is shopping and cleaning, there is just a little more sleep. But as we crowd out the worship of God from our lives, it is no wonder that fear takes the place of worship. They are mutually exclusive.

Fear is dismantled by God’s grace   – verses 7-14

God’s grace accepts fearful people  – verses 7-10

Having expressed the certainty that despite the mounting troubles he faces, David knows the answer to his fears is found in worship. In verses 7-14 there is a shift in the Psalm from the positive declaration that the evil men will fail to a plaintive cry for help. In the second half of the Psalm we hear the content of his worship. But it is not just pollyannaish musings. David cries to the Lord. He recognizes that for God to rescue him, for God to deal with his fears, is an act of God’s grace.
 
David doesn’t try to argue his case before God that he is worthy of God’s time. He knows he does not deserve God’s grace, but petitions God to listen based on God’s character.
 
Some people say that maturity is demonstrated by faith that never struggles, by rising above the tide of this grimy world and living in some kind of exalted plane where you are never uncertain, never afraid, never assailed. But David’s struggle is refreshingly real. Knowing that God is sovereign, that He will never leave us or forsake us is foundational to our Christian life, but that never means we won’t wonder “why?”
 
David approaches God because of God’s grace which allows him to come.
 
It would be not only presumptuous to barge into the Oval Office, it would be downright deadly. The Secret Service is well armed and only a deranged man would dare to be so bold. How much more dangerous to go before God? But David knows he can pray, he can worship because he comes with an invitation in hand. God accepts fearful people like David, like me.
 
To seek the face of a king meant to seek his favor and forgiveness and mercy. This doesn’t mean: seek what God can do for you, but rather, to seek Him. Come to Him not only to receive gifts or relief from your troubles or answers to your prayers, but to know Him.
 
In verse 9 David is distressed; it seems that he is uncertain as to what God will do.
He does not want God to conceal His face. He does not want to lose the intimacy, the personal communication he has with God at this point. David doesn’t want God to shoo him away in disgust, ignore him and forget him. But then at the end there is a confession, an acknowledgment that God will not do this: “you have been my helper.”
 
In the past God has been there. So, since God does not change, he has nothing to worry about. God will not leave him. As unlikely as it is for parents to abandon their children, yet it happens – God would never do that. As unthinkable as it is for a mother to forget she has kids, God even more so will never forget you belong to Him.

God’s grace teaches fearful people 11-14

David is not asking for an easy way out. He is asking God to instruct him so he will know what to do. Not “God, fix this so my life will be simple.” But “God, help me to endure this situation without harming your name.” This is a dangerous prayer to make, but one which is very necessary. David prays to know God’s way through the difficult situation. He wants the straight path because of the oppressors. The level place, the straight path, is the word which means “uprightness.” He asks God to show him how to live righteously, correctly, in the face of those that are lying about him. In verse 12 the form of attack seems not so much battle, but vicious speech. In battle you die but once, but with a false witness you die a thousand deaths. If he responds in fear, he could lash out at his enemies, but God’s way may be different. It is very tempting to return insult for insult, false information for their lies. But David knows, having seen God’s character as he worshipped, that David could not speak that which is not true.  

David then believed that he would still enjoy the goodness of God in this world; although he was now deprived of all experience of His favor, and could see no spark of light, he is certain of one truth: God’s goodness will be evident even in this life. Sometimes the Lord calms the storm. Sometimes he lets the storm rage and calms His child.

 David concludes with the simple, but profound advice: wait That is a word we never like to hear. Little children whine when told to wait, and the complaining does not diminish with age. But contained within the word “wait” we have a clue as to what waiting does. The origin of the word is to twist, stretch. The tension which occurs during the time of waiting is what produces the strength which is the benefit of waiting. A rope is made strong by the twisting of the fibers together so that it can take the tension when the time of testing comes. You and I likewise are made strong by God’s grace when He puts us under pressure.  The admonition to be strong and take heart is the same form found in Joshua 1:9 where Joshua is told not to be discouraged, not to fear. What then is the man or woman to do in the face of adverse circumstances? He or she is to wait….but that implies hope, a confidence in God that He will answer the prayer and vindicate the oppressed.

Our world is impatient. We want everything right now. We’ve got instant tea and instant coffee, instant computers and instant banking, instant cameras and instant re-dial on our phones. There’s a sign in a shop in Pennsylvania that reads, “Antiques Made While You Wait.” That’s almost as stupid as the one that said, “Ears Pierced While You Wait.” (You don’t leave them there and pick them up later!) Some things that are worthwhile don’t come instantly. Maturity, character, wisdom, perceptiveness, and holiness do not come quickly. All through the Scriptures, God tells us, be patient for the coming of the Lord; wait on the Lord; they that wait on the Lord shall renew their strength; don’t grow weary in doing good, for in due season you will reap a harvest if you don’t give up. Yet we are an impatient lot.

When our family is in a turmoil, we become fearful. When our finances are a shambles, we fret over the checkbook. We want answers immediately. But God commands us to be patient, to wait. He’s won the victory. Sometimes we can do little except to wait and believe. A Jewish refugee wrote an inscription on a wall outside Cologne, Germany, during World War II: “I believe in the sun, even when it’s not shining. I believe in love even when I’m alone. And I believe in God even when He’s silent.”
 
But God has spoken. God has an answer for you and me. On what basis can we be certain that our fears will not come true, that God will leave us to be destroyed by whatever monsters plague us by day and night? This may have been David’s story, but I’m not David. How can we claim this fearlessness in the face of frightening circumstances? How can we know the presence of God’s grace? While this Psalm was written by David about some unknown circumstances in his life, there was another one who knew even greater danger, more fearsome situations and who found His refuge in the Lord.
 
We can have confidence that God is our light, our salvation and our refuge, for it was His own Son who, while evil men came to take Him to be falsely tried and murdered, spoke and they fell to the ground. It was Jesus who knew far better than any of us the horrors of abandonment as He hung on the Cross, as He cried out to His Father, “My God, My God why have you forsaken me?” But He was not completely rejected – for the Father received Him, as we know, on the third day when He rose from the dead. It was then that He could see the goodness of the Lord in the land of the living.
 
His success is now ours – not just by example, but by imputation. Jesus Christ is the light of the world; with Him we will never walk in darkness. Christ will keep us safe; He is the rock on which we are set secure.
PSALMS 27      Other translations  –  previous  –  next  –  meaning  –  Psalms  –  BM Home  –  Full Page

PSALM 27

A Psalm of David.

  1. jehovah is my light and my salvation, whom shall I fear? jehovah is the strength of my life, of whom shall I be afraid?
  2. When the wicked, even mine enemies and my foes, came upon me to eat up my flesh, they stumbled and fell.
  3. If a host encamp against me, my heart shall not fear; when war shall rise against me, in this will I be confident.
  4. One thing have I asked of jehovah, that will I earnestly seek; that I may dwell in the house of jehovah all the days of my life, to behold the beauty of jehovah, and to inquire in his temple.
  5. For he will hide me in his tabernacle in the day of evil; he will conceal me in the secret place of his tent; he will set me high upon a rock.
  6. And now shall my head be lifted up above mine enemies round about me; and I will offer in his tabernacle sacrifices of shouting; I will sing hymns to jehovah.
  7. Hear my voice, O jehovah; I will cry, be merciful to me, and answer me.
  8. Unto you, my heart, Jehovah has said, Seek my face; your face, O jehovah, will I seek.
  9. Hide not your face from me; put not away your servant in anger; you have been my help; leave me not, neither forsake me, O god of my salvation.
  10. For my father and my mother have forsaken me, but jehovah will gather me.
  11. Teach me your way, O jehovah, and lead me in the path of rectitude because of mine enemies.
  12. Deliver me not over to the lust of mine enemies; for false witnesses are risen up against me, and such as breathe violence;
  13. Nevertheless, I firmly believe I shall see the goodness of jehovah in the land of the living.
  14. Hope in jehovah, be of good courage, and he shall strengthen your heart; yea, hope you in jehovah.

The Internal Sense

The lord’s discourse with the father, that he is not afraid of the hells which fight against him, verses 1 to 3; of his union with the father, verses 4 to 10, 13, 14; that thereby he will subdue the hells, verses 11, 12.

Exposition

Verse 3. If a host encamp against me. Army signifies truths and goods; see AC 3348; and truths and goods are arranged by the lord according to heavenly order; hence, arrangement according to order is the encamping of an army, and the heavenly order itself, which is heaven, is the camp; this camp, or this order, is such that it cannot possibly be broken into by hell, although hell is in a continual endeavour to break into it; hence also that order or heaven is called a camp, and the truths and goods, that is, the angels, who are arranged according to that order, are called armies. Inasmuch as several expressions in the Word have an opposite sense, so also has camp, and, according to such sense, signifies evils and falses, consequently hell, as in David, “If a host encamp against me, my heart shall not fear, Psalm 27:3. AC 4236.

Verses 4, 5. One thing have I asked of jehovah, that will I earnestly seek, that I may dwell in the house of jehovah all the days of my life, to behold the beauty of jehovah, and to enquire in his temple; for he will, hide me in his tabernacle in the day of evil; he will conceal me in the secret place of his tent; he will set me high upon a rock. Mention is here made of the house of jehovah, of his temple, tent, and tabernacle, and by the house, of jehovah is signified the church which is in the good of love to the lord, by the temple the church which is in truths grounded in that good; by the tent of jehovah is signified Divine Truth, and by the tabernacle Divine Good; hence it is evident that by dwelling in the house of jehovah all the days of my life is not meant to dwell in the house of jehovah, but in the good of love to the lord, and that by visiting in the morning the temple of jehovah is not meant to visit it every morning, but to enquire after and seek the truths of that good; hence by hiding in the tent is signified to keep in Divine Truth, and to be protected from falses, and by being concealed in the secret place of the tabernacle is signified to keep in Divine good, and to be protected from evils; by being set up high on a rock is signified to instruct in the interior truths. AE 799.

In the supreme sense the lord, as to his Human Essence, is the tent, the tabernacle, and the temple. AC 414.

Verse 6. I will offer in his tabernacle the sacrifices of shouting. In the Word mention is made of various instruments, and each of them has its distinct signification, of which, by the Divine mercy of the lord, we shall speak in their proper places. At the present we shall confine ourselves to what is said in David, “I will sacrifice in the tabernacle of jehovah the sacrifices of shouting,” where by the tabernacle is meant the celestial principle, and by shouting, singing, and chanting is expressed the spiritual principle thence derived. AC 420.

Verse 9. Hide not your face from me; put not away your servant in anger. From the above explications it may be known what the face of jehovah, or the lord, signifies namely: the Divine love, and every good in heaven and the church thence derived; hence also may be known what is signified by hiding or concealing the face, where jehovah or the lord is treated of, namely: that it is to leave man in his own proprium, and thence in evils and falses which gush out from the proprium. For man, viewed in himself, is nothing but evil and the falses thence derived, and is withheld from them by the lord that he may be in good, which is effected by an elevation from the proprium. Hence it may be manifest that by hiding and concealing the face, when it relates to the lord, is signified to leave man in evils and falses, as in the following passages, “On account of all their wickedness I have concealed my faces from this city,” Jeremiah 33:5: and in Isaiah, “Your sins have hid the faces of god from you, that he did not hear,” Is 59:2; and in David, “Hide not your faces from me, put not away your servant in anger,” Psalm xxvii. AE 412.

Verse 10. For my father and mother have forsaken me, and jehovah will gather me. Father and mother here denote good and truth, which are said to have forsaken, when man observes that of himself he is not able to do any thing good, or to know any thing true; that it is not to be understood as if David was forsaken by his father and mother is manifest. AC 3703.

Verse 13. I nevertheless firmly believe I shall see the goodness of jehovah in the land of the living. Inasmuch as death signifies damnation and hell, hence life on the other hand signifies salvation and heaven, as in Matthew, “Strait is the gate and narrow is the way that leads to life,” Matt 7:14: again, “If you will enter into life, keep the commandments,” Matt 19:17. Hence it is that salvation is called eternal life, as in Matthew 19:24; Mark 10:24; 30; Luke 10:25; and that heaven is called the land of the living, as in David, “jehovah, you are my confidence, my portion in the land of the living,” Psalm 142:5; again, “That you may see the goodness of jehovah in the land of the living.” AE 186.

The Translator’s Notes and Observations

Verse 1. jehovah is my light and my salvation, whom shall I fear? jehovah is the strength of my life, of whom shall I be afraid? In the original Hebrew two distinct terms are used to express what is here rendered I fear and shall be afraid, and hence we may safely conclude that two distinct ideas were intended to be suggested. It is not easy to say what these two distinct ideas are, but it appears most probable, from the proper sense of the two Hebrew terms which are here rendered I fear and am afraid, that the former term has more respect to fear, as an internal principle manifesting itself in the human heart, and the latter term has relation to the external effect of that fear in causing symptoms of outward trembling and agitation.

Verse 2. When the wicked, even mine enemies and my foes, came upon me to eat my flesh, they stumbled and fell. The wicked are here called enemies and foes, probably for the purpose of expressing their two fold opposition to the divine good and the divine truth, and thus their two fold purpose of destroying in man both the love of good, and the understanding of truth, which is to eat up his flesh.

Verse 6. I will offer in his tabernacle the sacrifices of shouting. In the received English version of the Psalms, what is here rendered shouting is expressed by the term joy, but in the original Hebrew the term is derived from a root expressive of the elevation of the voice in the way of shouting, and accordingly it follows, “I will sing a hymn to jehovah.”

Verse 11. Teach me your way, O jehovah, and lead me in the path of rectitude. For the distinct meaning of the two terms way and path, see the Translator’s notes and observations on Psalm xxv.

PSALMS 27    Other translations  –  previous  –  next  –  meaning  –  Psalms  –  BM Home  –  Full Page
Psalms
A collection of 150 psalms, whose Hebrew name is “The Book of Praise.” Authors of individual psalms include David, Solomon, Moses, Asaph, and others who are anonymous. The variety and unity of Psalms have given this book a unique place in the devotional life of the individual and the Church. Almost every aspect of man’s relation to God is depicted in these poems: simple trust, the sense of sin, appeal to a higher power in time of trouble, and the conviction that the world is in the hands of a loving God.

Sermon Notes