Psalm 112:1-10


Psalm 112

1Praise ye the LORD. Blessed is the man that feareth the LORD, that delighteth greatly in his commandments.

2His seed shall be mighty upon earth: the generation of the upright shall be blessed.

3Wealth and riches shall be in his house: and his righteousness endureth for ever.

4Unto the upright there ariseth light in the darkness: he is gracious, and full of compassion, and righteous.

5A good man sheweth favour, and lendeth: he will guide his affairs with discretion.

6Surely he shall not be moved for ever: the righteous shall be in everlasting remembrance.

7He shall not be afraid of evil tidings: his heart is fixed, trusting in the LORD.

8His heart is established, he shall not be afraid, until he see his desire upon his enemies.

9He hath dispersed, he hath given to the poor; his righteousness endureth for ever; his horn shall be exalted with honour.

10The wicked shall see it, and be grieved; he shall gnash with his teeth, and melt away: the desire of the wicked shall perish.

Blessed is the man that fears jehovah, that delights greatly in his commandments.

  1. His seed shall he mighty upon earth; the generation of the upright shall be blessed.
  2. Wealth and riches shall be in his house, and his justice shall endure for ever.
  3. Unto the upright there arises light in darkness; he is gracious and full of compassion, and just.
  4. A good man shows favour and lends; he will restrain his words with judgement.
  5. Surely he shall never be moved; the just shall be in everlasting remembrance,
  6. He shall not be afraid of evil tidings; his heart is fixed, trusting in jehovah.
  7. His heart is established, he shall not be afraid, until he shall have beheld the downfall of his enemies.
  8. He distributes, he gives to the poor; his justice endures for ever; his horn shall be exalted with honour.
  9. The wicked shall see and be indignant; he shall gnash with his teeth and melt away; the desire of the wicked shall perish.

The Internal Sense

That he who trusts in the lord, and lives well, will be saved, verses 1 to 7, 9; he will not be afraid of the hells, though they rise up against him, verses 8, 10.

Exposition

Verse 1. Blessed is the man that fears jehovah, that delights greatly in his commandments. To fear Jehovah means also to think holily and reverently concerning god, and to walk in his ways is to live according to Divine truths worship is effected by both, but in external worship which is to live according to Divine truth, there must be internal worship, which is to fear jehovah, wherefore it is said, that it is he that fears jehovah, who walks in his ways, in like manner as above, for to delight in the commandments of jehovah, is to love them, thus to will and to do them. AE 696.

Verse 3. Wealth, and riches shall be in his house, etc. That these words signify what he had collected together, may appear from the signification of house, as denoting in the present case the scientifics which are collected together, to collect scientifics, and thereby to raise and build up the external man, is not unlike the building of a house, wherefore also the like is signified throughout the Word by building, and by building houses, as in Isaiah, “Behold, I create new heavens and a new earth, they shall build houses, and inhabit them; and they shall plant vineyards, and eat the fruit of them; they shall not build and another inhabit,” Isaiah 65:17, 21, 22; house here signifies whore there is wisdom and intelligence, consequently where there are the knowledges of good and truth, for the subject treated of is concerning the lord’s kingdom. AC 1488.

Verse 5. A good man shows favour and lends, etc. By being merciful and lending is described the state of those who are in genuine charity; in like manner see Psalm 37:21, Exposition. AC 9174.

Verse 9. His horn shall be exalted with honour. That horn signifies Divine truth, is evident from this consideration, that his justice, it is said, endures for ever, and his horn shall be exalted with honour or glory; justice in the Word is predicated of good, wherefore horn is predicated of truth, for in singular the things of the Word there is a marriage of goodness and truth. AE 316.

Verse 10. The wicked shall see and be indignant, he shall gnash with his teeth, etc. Inasmuch as the teeth signify false principles in the extreme, therefore by gnashing with the teeth is signified to combat against truths from false principles with vehemence and anger, see Psalm 3:7, Exposition. AE 556.

Psalms:

A collection of 150 psalms, whose Hebrew name is “The Book of Praise.” Authors of individual psalms include David, Solomon, Moses, Asaph, and others who are anonymous. The variety and unity of Psalms have given this book a unique place in the devotional life of the individual and the Church. Almost every aspect of man’s relation to God is depicted in these poems: simple trust, the sense of sin, appeal to a higher power in time of trouble, and the conviction that the world is in the hands of a loving God.

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