Genesis 1:1-31


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GEN 1:2 And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.

GEN 1:3 And God said, Let there be light: and there was light.

GEN 1:4 And God saw the light, that it was good: and God divided the light from the darkness.

GEN 1:5 And God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And the evening and the morning were the first day.

GEN 1:6 And God said, Let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters.

GEN 1:7 And God made the firmament, and divided the waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmament: and it was so.

GEN 1:8 And God called the firmament Heaven. And the evening and the morning were the second day.

GEN 1:9 And God said, Let the waters under the heaven be gathered together unto one place, and let the dry land appear: and it was so.

GEN 1:10 And God called the dry land Earth; and the gathering together of the waters called he Seas: and God saw that it was good.

GEN 1:11 And God said, Let the earth bring forth grass, the herb yielding seed, and the fruit tree yielding fruit after his kind, whose seed is in itself, upon the earth: and it was so.

GEN 1:12 And the earth brought forth grass, and herb yielding seed after his kind, and the tree yielding fruit, whose seed was in itself, after his kind: and God saw that it was good.

GEN 1:13 And the evening and the morning were the third day.

GEN 1:14 And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years:

GEN 1:15 And let them be for lights in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth: and it was so.

GEN 1:16 And God made two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night: he made the stars also.

GEN 1:17 And God set them in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth,

GEN 1:18 And to rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness: and God saw that it was good.

GEN 1:19 And the evening and the morning were the fourth day.

GEN 1:20 And God said, Let the waters bring forth abundantly the moving creature that hath life, and fowl that may fly above the earth in the open firmament of heaven.

GEN 1:21 And God created great whales, and every living creature that moveth, which the waters brought forth abundantly, after their kind, and every winged fowl after his kind: and God saw that it was good.

GEN 1:22 And God blessed them, saying, Be fruitful, and multiply, and fill the waters in the seas, and let fowl multiply in the earth.

GEN 1:23 And the evening and the morning were the fifth day.

GEN 1:24 And God said, Let the earth bring forth the living creature after his kind, cattle, and creeping thing, and beast of the earth after his kind: and it was so.

GEN 1:25 And God made the beast of the earth after his kind, and cattle after their kind, and every thing that creepeth upon the earth after his kind: and God saw that it was good.

GEN 1:26 And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth.

GEN 1:27 So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them.

GEN 1:28 And God blessed them, and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it: and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth.

GEN 1:29 And God said, Behold, I have given you every herb bearing seed, which is upon the face of all the earth, and every tree, in the which is the fruit of a tree yielding seed; to you it shall be for meat.

GEN 1:30 And to every beast of the earth, and to every fowl of the air, and to every thing that creepeth upon the earth, wherein there is life, I have given every green herb for meat: and it was so.

GEN 1:31 And God saw every thing that he had made, and, behold, it was very good. And the evening and the morning were the sixth day.

Can we interpret Genesis 1:27 as meaning our divinity?

There is only one God- God does not make other Gods. Isa. 46:9 “Remember the former things of old, for I am God, and there is no other; I am God, and there is none like Me,”

Exod 15:11 “Who is like You, O LORD, among the gods? Who is like You, glorious in holiness, fearful in praises, doing wonders?

Isa 43:10 “believe Me, and understand that I am He. Before Me there was no God formed, nor shall there be after Me.”

Isa 44:6: ‘I am the First and I am the Last; besides Me there is no God.”

God makes it clear that He alone is the creator, sustainer and life-giver of all, there is no other in this category.

Gen 1:27: “So God created man in His own image; in the image of God He created him; male and female He created them.

To be created in the image of God does not mean we have any of His unlimited attributes such as omnipotence, omnipresence or omniscience; human beings were not made to be little gods. Man is a creature who has limited abilities like His maker’s unlimited abilities. God cannot duplicate himself by creating another like him. A creature can never be equal to the eternal creator.

What are the features that man was created in, that reflect his creator since we are made in His image and likeness? God is Spirit (Jn.4:24) He is invisible. When it states we were created in His image it means man was given a spirit. It does not mean that God is a physical being or that we are like him in every manner. In the Hebrew language Image tselem- is related to nature, the immaterial part of man. It means we have a spiritual nature like God, in a finite way. Likeness- Heb. Demuth does not mean in a physical sense. This means we have a spiritual nature like God, God is Spirit. Man has moral likeness and quality within him like His maker.

God has communicable and incommunicable attributes. He alone possesses eternality, He is uncaused, uncreated, always existing. He has omnipresence, omniscience, immutability, holiness as His nature (perfect, no flaws in any part). The uncreated God is unlimited in His knowledge Isa.40:13,14; Ps. 147:5

Man is limited in his knowledge Isa.55:8-9

God is present everywhere Jer.23:23-24 Ps. 139:7-12

Man is confined to one place at a time Jn.1:50

God possesses eternality, He is infinite, immortal, deathless, God has eternal life in himself. Jn.5:26 Ps.90:2

Man dies physically and can die spiritually. Gen. 2:17

God is almighty is able to do all things and is not dependent on anyone. Job 4:2 Isa.40:10-13

Man is dependent on God to sustain him. Jn. 1:3-4,9 acts 17:28; man is weak 1 Cor. 1:25

God is the creator of all things. Jn. 1:3 col. 1: 16

Man cannot create from nothing but can only use what materials are already there.

Deut 4:35: “To you it was shown, that you might know that the LORD Himself is God; there is none other besides Him.”

God has incommunicable attributes such as eternality; He alone is uncaused and uncreated. He has omnipresence, omniscience, immutability, holiness as His nature (perfect no flaws in any part) God is unlimited in knowledge Isa.40:13,14 Ps. 147:5 man is limited in his knowledge Isa.55:8-9 God is present everywhere Jer.23:23-24 Ps. 139:7-12.

Man is confined to one place at a time. Jn. 1:50

God possesses eternality He is infinite, immortal, deathless, God has eternal life in himself Jn.5:26 Ps.90:2

Man dies physically and can die spiritually Gen. 1:26 man is dependent on God to sustain him. Jn. 1:3-4, 9; Acts 17:28.

Image means a personal likeness. God is a personal being, so is man. There is also a moral likeness we were created in. Each of us have individuality. God is Holy. Man like his creator had what is termed unconfirmed creature holiness in his original state in the garden. “God is a Spirit” (John 4:24) and He created a being with an immortal spirit and soul, with whom He could communicate. Because of the fall, man died spiritually. Genesis 5:3 tells us that Adam became the father of a son in his own likeness, according to his image, and named him Seth. Adam was first created in the image and likeness of God, but because of his sin, his offspring were born in Adam’s own image and likeness, his sin was passed on. If Adam had not sinned this would have been passed on to his offspring. After Adam sinned the same nature of sin was passed on to all.

This is why the Bible says we must be “born again” (“born from above”) in order to be formed in God’s image and likeness. Through a spiritual rebirth God wishes to restore fallen man in his sinful state to begin a relationship with him (creator to creature) by making his home with him (John 14:23). In Rom. 8:29 we are told that we are “to be conformed to the image of his Son.” This is a continual process starting from the time we are born again. When we a renewed we don’t become God, nor will we be exactly like him in the resurrection. Jesus said to Philip: “He who has seen Me has seen the Father” (John 14:9), we can never say we are the exact perfect image or representation of the invisible God, we are creatures and will be creatures even in the resurrection.

Exodus 20:1-26 (The Ten Commandments)


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Exodus 20

1And God spake all these words, saying,

2I am the LORD thy God, which have brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage.

3 (1) Thou shalt have no other gods before me.

4 (2) Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth.

5Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I the LORD thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me;

6And shewing mercy unto thousands of them that love me, and keep my commandments.

7 (3) Thou shalt not take the name of the LORD thy God in vain; for the LORD will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain.

8 (4) Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy.

9Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work:

10But the seventh day is the sabbath of the LORD thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates:

11For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the LORD blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it.

12 (5) Honour thy father and thy mother: that thy days may be long upon the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee.

13 (6) Thou shalt not kill.

14 (7) Thou shalt not commit adultery.

15 (8) Thou shalt not steal.

16 (9) Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour.

17 (10) Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour’s house, thou shalt not covet thy neighbour’s wife, nor his manservant, nor his maidservant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing that is thy neighbour’s.

18And all the people saw the thunderings, and the lightnings, and the noise of the trumpet, and the mountain smoking: and when the people saw it, they removed, and stood afar off.

19And they said unto Moses, Speak thou with us, and we will hear: but let not God speak with us, lest we die.

20And Moses said unto the people, Fear not: for God is come to prove you, and that his fear may be before your faces, that ye sin not.

21And the people stood afar off, and Moses drew near unto the thick darkness where God was.

22And the LORD said unto Moses, Thus thou shalt say unto the children of Israel, Ye have seen that I have talked with you from heaven.

23Ye shall not make with me gods of silver, neither shall ye make unto you gods of gold.

24An altar of earth thou shalt make unto me, and shalt sacrifice thereon thy burnt offerings, and thy peace offerings, thy sheep, and thine oxen: in all places where I record my name I will come unto thee, and I will bless thee.

25And if thou wilt make me an altar of stone, thou shalt not build it of hewn stone: for if thou lift up thy tool upon it, thou hast polluted it.

26Neither shalt thou go up by steps unto mine altar, that thy nakedness be not discovered thereon.

What was the significance of the Exodus story in the ongoing history of the people of Israel? How might this story have meaning today?

The Exodus became for the Hebrews the supreme occasion when God acted to deliver His people from harsh captivity, binding them to Himself by a solemn covenant. Even today, when the Jews celebrate the Passover, they are reminded of God’s mighty deliverance in that long-ago time.

The World Book Encyclopedia has some excellent articles on the Exodus and how it relates to the Hebrew people.

You might read the full text of the book of Exodus. The story is told there. The lessons we learn from the exodus are that God will deliver his people, but will also require a covenant relationship with his people.

A second lesson we learn is the fact that God is in control of the ultimate events of history. He may not be involved in each single activity, but overall He is in control.

There are scriptures in the New Testament which speak to the fact that those events of the exodus should be powerful lessons for people today. When people today put their trust in God and do his will, they will be blessed. When people today failed to obey God, they will suffer the consequences. The following text is a direct reference to the experiences that the children of Israel faced and what those lessons are for Christians in the present generation.

1 Corinthians 10:1-5
10:1 For I do not want you to be ignorant of the fact, brothers, that our forefathers were all under the cloud and that they all passed through the sea. 2 They were all baptized into Moses in the cloud and in the sea. 3 They all ate the same spiritual food 4 and drank the same spiritual drink; for they drank from the spiritual rock that accompanied them, and that rock was Christ. 5 Nevertheless, God was not pleased with most of them; their bodies were scattered over the desert. 6 Now these things occurred as examples to keep us from setting our hearts on evil things as they did. 7 Do not be idolaters, as some of them were; as it is written: “The people sat down to eat and drink and got up to indulge in pagan revelry.” 8 We should not commit sexual immorality, as some of them did-and in one day twenty-three thousand of them died. 9 We should not test the Lord, as some of them did-and were killed by snakes. 10 And do not grumble, as some of them did-and were killed by the destroying angel. 11 These things happened to them as examples and were written down as warnings for us, on whom the fulfillment of the ages has come. 12 So, if you think you are standing firm, be careful that you don’t fall!

Isaiah 55:1-13


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Isaiah 55

1Ho, every one that thirsteth, come ye to the waters, and he that hath no money; come ye, buy, and eat; yea, come, buy wine and milk without money and without price.

2Wherefore do ye spend money for that which is not bread? and your labour for that which satisfieth not? hearken diligently unto me, and eat ye that which is good, and let your soul delight itself in fatness.

3Incline your ear, and come unto me: hear, and your soul shall live; and I will make an everlasting covenant with you, even the sure mercies of David.

4Behold, I have given him for a witness to the people, a leader and commander to the people.

5Behold, thou shalt call a nation that thou knowest not, and nations that knew not thee shall run unto thee because of the LORD thy God, and for the Holy One of Israel; for he hath glorified thee.

6Seek ye the LORD while he may be found, call ye upon him while he is near:

7Let the wicked forsake his way, and the unrighteous man his thoughts: and let him return unto the LORD, and he will have mercy upon him; and to our God, for he will abundantly pardon.

8For my thoughts are not your thoughts, neither are your ways my ways, saith the LORD.

9For as the heavens are higher than the earth, so are my ways higher than your ways, and my thoughts than your thoughts.

10For as the rain cometh down, and the snow from heaven, and returneth not thither, but watereth the earth, and maketh it bring forth and bud, that it may give seed to the sower, and bread to the eater:

11So shall my word be that goeth forth out of my mouth: it shall not return unto me void, but it shall accomplish that which I please, and it shall prosper in the thing whereto I sent it.

12For ye shall go out with joy, and be led forth with peace: the mountains and the hills shall break forth before you into singing, and all the trees of the field shall clap their hands.

13Instead of the thorn shall come up the fir tree, and instead of the brier shall come up the myrtle tree: and it shall be to the LORD for a name, for an everlasting sign that shall not be cut off.

Meaning of Isaiah 55

55:1 Ho, every one that a thirsteth, come ye to the waters, and he that hath b no money; come ye, buy, and eat; yea, come, buy c wine and milk without money and without price.

(a) Christ by proposing his graces and gifts to his Church, exempts the hypocrites who are full with their imagined works, and the Epicureans who are full with their worldly lusts, and so do not thirst after these waters.
(b) Signifying that Gods benefits cannot be bought for money.
(c) By waters, wine, milk and bread, he means all things necessary to the spiritual life, as these are necessary to this corporal life.

55:2 Why do ye spend money for [that which is] not bread? d and your labour for [that which] satisfieth not? hearken diligently to me, and eat ye [that which is] good, and let your soul delight itself in e fatness.

(d) He reproves their ingratitude, who refuse those things that God offers willingly, and in the mean time spare neither cost nor labour to obtain those which are not profitable.
(e) You will be fed abundantly.

55:3 Incline your ear, and come to me: hear, and your soul shall live; and I will make an everlasting covenant with you, [even] the f sure mercies of David.

(f) The same covenant which through my mercy I ratified and confirmed to David, that it would be eternal, ( 2 Samuel 7:13 ; Acts 13:34 ).

55:4 Behold, I have given g him [for] a witness to the people, a leader and commander to the people.

(g) Meaning Christ, of whom David was a figure.

55:5 Behold, thou shalt call a nation [that] thou knowest not, h and nations [that] knew not thee shall run to thee because of the LORD thy God, and for the Holy One of Israel; for he hath glorified thee.

(h) That is, the Gentiles, who before you did not receive to be your people.

55:6 Seek ye the LORD while he may be i found, call ye upon him while he is near:

(i) When he offers himself by the preaching of his word.

55:7 Let the wicked k forsake his way, and the unrighteous man his thoughts: and let him return to the LORD, and he will have mercy upon him; and to our God, for he will abundantly pardon.

(k) By this he shows that repentance must be joined with faith, and how we cannot call on God correctly, unless the fruits of our faith appear.

55:8 For my l thoughts [are] not your thoughts, neither [are] your ways my ways, saith the LORD.

(l) Although you are not soon reconciled one to another and judge me by yourselves, yet I am easy to be reconciled, yea, I offer my mercies to you.

55:11 So shall my m word be that proceedeth from my mouth: it shall not return to me void, but it shall accomplish that which I please, and it shall prosper [in the thing] for which I sent it.

(m) If these small things have their effect, as daily experience shows much more will my promise which I have made and confirmed, bring to pass the things which I have spoken for your deliverance.

55:12 For ye shall go out with joy, and be led forth with peace: the n mountains and the hills shall break forth before you into singing, and all the trees of the field shall clap [their] hands.

(n) Read ( Isaiah 44:23 Isaiah 49:13 )

55:13 Instead of the thorn shall come up the fir tree, and instead of the brier shall come up the myrtle tree: and it shall be to the LORD o for a name, for an everlasting p sign [that] shall not be cut off.
(o) To set forth his glory.
(p) Of Gods deliverance, and that he will never forsake his Church

Matthew 1:1-25


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Matthew 1

1The book of the generation of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham.

2Abraham begat Isaac; and Isaac begat Jacob; and Jacob begat Judas and his brethren;

3And Judas begat Phares and Zara of Thamar; and Phares begat Esrom; and Esrom begat Aram;

4And Aram begat Aminadab; and Aminadab begat Naasson; and Naasson begat Salmon;

5And Salmon begat Booz of Rachab; and Booz begat Obed of Ruth; and Obed begat Jesse;

6And Jesse begat David the king; and David the king begat Solomon of her that had been the wife of Urias;

7And Solomon begat Roboam; and Roboam begat Abia; and Abia begat Asa;

8And Asa begat Josaphat; and Josaphat begat Joram; and Joram begat Ozias;

9And Ozias begat Joatham; and Joatham begat Achaz; and Achaz begat Ezekias;

10And Ezekias begat Manasses; and Manasses begat Amon; and Amon begat Josias;

11And Josias begat Jechonias and his brethren, about the time they were carried away to Babylon:

12And after they were brought to Babylon, Jechonias begat Salathiel; and Salathiel begat Zorobabel;

13And Zorobabel begat Abiud; and Abiud begat Eliakim; and Eliakim begat Azor;

14And Azor begat Sadoc; and Sadoc begat Achim; and Achim begat Eliud;

15And Eliud begat Eleazar; and Eleazar begat Matthan; and Matthan begat Jacob;

16And Jacob begat Joseph the husband of Mary, of whom was born Jesus, who is called Christ.

17So all the generations from Abraham to David are fourteen generations; and from David until the carrying away into Babylon are fourteen generations; and from the carrying away into Babylon unto Christ are fourteen generations.

18Now the birth of Jesus Christ was on this wise: When as his mother Mary was espoused to Joseph, before they came together, she was found with child of the Holy Ghost.

19Then Joseph her husband, being a just man, and not willing to make her a public example, was minded to put her away privily.

20But while he thought on these things, behold, the angel of the LORD appeared unto him in a dream, saying, Joseph, thou son of David, fear not to take unto thee Mary thy wife: for that which is conceived in her is of the Holy Ghost.

21And she shall bring forth a son, and thou shalt call his name JESUS: for he shall save his people from their sins.

22Now all this was done, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken of the Lord by the prophet, saying,

23Behold, a virgin shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call his name Emmanuel, which being interpreted is, God with us.

24Then Joseph being raised from sleep did as the angel of the Lord had bidden him, and took unto him his wife:

25And knew her not till she had brought forth her firstborn son: and he called his name JESUS.

From the Theological Writings of Emanuel Swedenborg.

Chapter I.

verse 1. The look of the generation, &c. – By generations and nativities, in the Word, are signified spiritual generations and nativities, all which in general have reference to good and truth, for nothing else is generated and born from the Lord as a husband, and from the Church as a wife. AR 543

Verses 18-25. Many at this day think of the Lord only as of an ordinary man, like themselves; the reason is, because they only think of His Humanity;, and not at the same time of His Divinity, although His Divinity and His Humanity cannot be separated: “For the Lord is God and man, and God and man in the Lord are not two but one person, yea altogether one, even as the reasonable soul and flesh are one man;” as is taught in the doctrine received throughout the whole Christian world, called the Athanasian Creed, which has been confirmed by several councils. Let me, therefore, entreat the reader, that he may not henceforward separate in his thoughts the Humanity of the Lord from His Divinity, to read the passages quoted above from Luke, as also the following from Matthew: “The birth of jesus Christ was on this wise: When as His mother Mary was espoused to Joseph, before they came together, she was found with child of the holy spirit. Then Joseph her husband, being a just man, and not willing to make her a public, example, was minded to put her away privily. But while he thought on these things, behold, the angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream, saying, Joseph, you son of David, fear not to take to thee Mary your wife; for that which is conceived in her is of the holy spirit : and she shall bring forth a Son, and you shall call His name Jesus: for He shall save His people from their sins. Then Joseph, being raised from sleep, did as the angel of the Lord had bidden him, and took to him his wife. And he knew her not till she had brought forth her first-born Son; and he called His name Jesus.” Matt 1:18-25. From these words, as well as from the relation of the nativity given in Luke, and from the other passages adduced above, it is evident, that Jesus, who was conceived of Jehovah as a Father, and born of the Virgin Mary, is the Son of God, of whom all “the prophets and the law prophesied until John.” D. Lord, 21.

That the Divine, which is called the Father, was the Essential Divine of the Lord, from which His Humanity existed, and by virtue whereof the Humanity also was made Divine, appears manifest from His conception from the Essential Divine; as in Matthew 1:20, 25; and in Luke 1:81, 34, 35: from which it is evident that the Lord from conception is Jehovah God, and to be Jehovah God from conception is to be so as to the life itself, which is called the soul from the Father, from which the life of the body is derived; hence it also manifestly Appears, that the Humanity of the “Lord is what is called the Son of God, for it is said, “That Holy Thing which shall be horn of you, shall he called the Son of God.” AE 852.

That to come forth from the Father, denotes being, conceived of Him, is manifest from what is said concerning the Lord’s conception, in Matthew 1:18-25. AE 815; see also AE 1069.

That the Divine is in the Human of the Lord, as the soul in the body, the “Word teaches and testifies in Matthew 1:18, 20, 25. AE 1104.AE 613.

Verses 20, 25. That which is conceived in her is of the Holy Spirit.-That by the Holy Spirit is meant the Divine which proceeds from Jehovah God, will be seen in the third chapter of this work. Who does not know, that the offspring has a soul and life from the father, and that the body is from the soul? What therefore is more plainly said, than that the Lord had a soul and life from Jehovah God, and whereas the Divine cannot be divided, that the Divine itself of the Father was His soul and life? wherefore the Lord so often called Jehovah God His Father, and Jehovah God called Him His Son. What, then, can be more ludicrous than to be told, that the soul of our Lord was from Mary the mother, as both the Roman Catholics and the Reformed at this day dream, not being yet awakened by the Word. That any Son born from eternity descended and assumed the Humanity, is a totally groundless idea, and is dissipated by the passages in the Word, in which Jehovah Himself says, that He is the Saviour and Redeemer, which are as follow: “Am not I jehovah,and there is no God else beside me; a just God and a saviour ; these is none beside me.” Isaiah 45:21, 22. “I [am] jehovah, and there is no saviour beside me.” Isaiah 43:11. “I jehovah [am] your god, and you shall not acknowledge a God beside me, and there is no saviour beside me.” Hosea 13:4. “That all flesh may know that I jehovah [am] your saviour and your redeemer.” Isaiah 49:26; 40:16. “As for our redeemer, jehovah zebaoth is his name.” Isaiah 47:4. “their redeemer, the mighty jehovah zebaoth 13 his name.” Jer. 1. 34. “Jehovah is my Rock, and my redeemer.” Psalm 19:14. “Thus says jehovah your redeemer, the Holy One of Israel, I jehovah am your god.” Isaiah 48:17; 43:14; 49:7. “Thus says jehovah your redeemer, I jehovahmake all things, and alone from Myself.'” Isaiah 44:24. “Thus saith jehovah the King of Israel, and his redeemer, jehovah zebaoth, i am the First and the Last, and beside Me there is no God.” Isaiah 44:6. “You jehovah art our Father, our redeemer: from everlasting is Your name.” Isaiah 63:16. “With the mercy of eternity I will be merciful, says your redeemer jehovah.” Isaiah 54:8. “THOU HAST REDEEMED ME, O JEHOVAH OF TRUTH.” Psalm 31:5. “Israel shall hope in jehovah, because with jehovah is mercy, plenteous redemption with Him; He shall redeem Israel from all his iniquities.” Psalm 130:7, 8. “jehovah is god, and your redeemer the Holy One of Israel; the god of the whole earth he shall be called.” Isaiah 54:5. From these and very many other passages, every man who has eyes, and a mind open through his eyes, may see that God, who is one, descended and was made Man for the sake of an end, which was that He might perform the work of redemption: who cannot see this as in morning light, whilst he attends to those Divine declarations themselves which have been adduced? Nevertheless, they, who are in the shade of night, in consequence of continuing themselves in favour of the birth of another God from eternity, and of His descent and redemption, shut their eyes to those Divine declarations, and think under them how they may apply them to their falses and pervert them.

There are several reasons why God could not redeem men, that is, draw them out from damnation and hell, except by the Humanity which He assumed; for redemption was the subjugation of the hells, and the orderly arrangement of the heavens, and after these the new establishment of the church, which things God could not effect of His omnipotence, except by the Humanity in like manner as no man can work unless he has an arm; His Humanity also in the Word is called the arm of Jehovah: Isaiah 40:10; 53:1. in like manner, too, as no one can attack a fortified city, and destroy the temples of the idols which are in it, except by mediate powers; that God in this Divine work had omnipotence by His Humanity, is also evident from the Word; for God, who is in the inmost, and thereby the purest principles, could not in any other possible manner pass to the ultimates in which the hells are, and in which mankind were at that time, comparatively as the soul cannot act at all without the body; or as no one can conquer enemies, who do not come into his view, or to whom he cannot accede and approach with arms, as spears, shields, or muskets. To do the work of redemption without the Humanity was as impossible for God, as it is for a man to subdue the Indies, without transferring thither soldiers by ships; also as to cause trees to grow merely by heat and light, without the creation of air, through which heat and light may pass, and without the creation of earth, from which trees may be produced; yea, it is as impossible, as it is to catch fish by casting nets into the air, instead of casting them into water: for Jehovah, such as He is in Himself, from His omnipotence, cannot reach any devil in hell, nor any devil on earth, so as to restrain him and his fury, and to subdue his violence, unless He be in ultimates as He is in first principles; He is in ultimates in His Humanity, wherefore in the Word He is called the First and the Last, the Alpha and the Omega, the Beginning and the End. TCR 83, 84.

Verse 20. Inasmuch as by the Holy Spirit is meant Divine Truth, and this [Divine Truth] was in the Lord, and was the Lord Himself; John 14:6. and thus whereas the Holy Spirit could not proceed from any other source, therefore it is written, “The Holy Spirit was not yet, because Jesus was not yet glorified;” John 7:39. and after His glorification, “He breathed on the disciples, and said, Receive you the Holy Spirit.” John 20:22. The reason why the Lord breathed on the disciples, and so said, was, because breathing was a representative external sign of Divine inspiration: but inspiration is insertion into angelic societies. From these considerations, the intellect may be enabled to comprehend what was said concerning the Lord’s conception, by the angel Gabriel, “The Holy Spirit shall come upon you, and the virtue of the Highest shall overshadow you, therefore that Holy Thing which shall be born of you shall be called the Son of God.” Luke 1:35. Also, “The angel of the Lord said to Joseph in a dream, Fear not to take Mary your bride, for what is born in her is from the Holy Spirit; and Joseph, did not touch her until she brought forth her first-begotten Son.” Matt 1:20, 25. The Holy Spirit, in these passages, is the Divine Truth proceeding from Jehovah the Father, and this proceeding is the virtue of the Highest, which on that occasion overshadowed the mother. This, therefore, coincides with the following passage in John: ” The Word was with God, and God was the Word, and the Word was made flesh.” 1:1, 14. By the Word, in this passage, is meant the Divine Truth. TCR 140; see also TCR 188.

Hence it may appear how the angels spoke by the prophets, namely, that the Lord Himself spoke, although by angels, and that the angels did not speak at all from themselves. That the Word is from the Lord appears from many passages, as from Matthew 1:22, 23. AC 1925.

Verse 23. They shall call His name emmanuel.-By a name and calling a name is denoted the quality, of a thing; and this being the signification of names, therefore, to call, without making mention of a name, in the internal sense of the Word, signifies to be of such a quality; as in Isaiah, “Hear you this, O house of Jacob, called by the name of Israel, and from the waters of Judah they came forth, because they are called from the city of holiness, and stay themselves on the God of Israel;” Is 48:1, 2. where “to be called from the city of holiness” denotes to be of such a quality; and in Luke, “Behold you shall conceive in the womb, and shalt bring forth a Son, and shall call His name Jesus. He shall be great, and shall be called the Son of the Highest.” Luke 1:31, 32. To be called the Son of the Highest denotes to be so. AC 3421.

It is also written in Isaiah, “A virgin shall conceive and bear a Son, and shall call His name God-with-us: butter and honey shall He eat, that He may know to reprobate the evil and to choose the good;” Is 7:14, 15. that these words are spoken of the Lord, may be seen confirmed in Matthew 1:23: any one may see that by butter and honey, there mentioned, are not meant butter and honey, but somewhat Divine corresponding thereto; for it follows, “That He may know to reprobate the evil and choose the good,” which is not known by eating butter and honey; but by butter is signified the delight of spiritual good, and by honey the delight of natural good, consequently, the Divine-Spiritual and the Divine-Natural of the Lord are thereby signified, and thus His Humanity interior and exterior; that the Lord’s Humanity is what is understood, may appear from its being said, “That a virgin shall conceive and bear a Son;” and. that this is Divine, is evident from His name being called God-with-us; name denoting quality, here therefore, that it was Divine, AE 619.

Verse 25. See AC 9356.

TRANSLATOR’S NOTES AND OBSERVATIONS.

Chapter I.

Verse 11. About the time, &c. – See Dr. Hammond on the proper construction of the Greek particle .

Verse 19. Not willing to expose her to public infamy.– See Doddridge’s Family Expositor, se100:8,

MATTHEW 1    Other translations  –  next  –  meaning  –  Matthew  –  B